Charlie's parents, Chris Gard and Connie Yates, have until Wednesday to submit new written evidence regarding the viability of having Charlie treated abroad with experimental nucleoside therapy.
On Monday, the judge instructed Charlie's parents to cite the source of all evidence, when it was produced and what difference will it make for their son. They did not produce any new evidence during the preliminary hearing.
At several points during the hearing, Charlie's parents spoke out. Gard shouted at lawyers for the hospital where Charlie is being cared for, "when are you going to start telling the truth?"
The terminally ill 11-month-old is at Great Ormond Street Hospital in London, which requested the new hearing last week. He's been there since October, when he began suffering the effects of mitochondrial DNA depletion syndrome.
Charlie's parents' legal battle with doctors to prolong his life has gained international attention, with Pope Francis and US President Donald Trump
among those weighing in.
On Sunday, the couple gave the hospital a petition with more than 350,000 signatures from around the world. It called for the family to be allowed to travel for the experimental treatment, though a High Court ruling blocked such a move on June 30.
That ruling was preceded by a series of legal attempts by the young couple, who have tried to make their cases to judges in the High Court, the Court of Appeal and the Supreme Court in London. The hospital has countered that it's in Charlie's best interest to be removed from life support, as none of the treatments are certain to help him and could cause him to suffer.
Dr. Neena Modi, president of the Royal College of Paediatrics and Child Health, said Monday that the high-profile interventions in the case are "unhelpful."
"Only the family, the doctors treating Charlie, and now the legal teams involved, know the details of complex issues that define his situation," she said in a statement.
"These issues -- unknown to us and all those voicing opinions -- will have been considered very carefully in reaching any decision. This is why interventions by external agencies or individuals, no matter how well-intended, are unhelpful."
Charlie's condition, mitochondrial DNA depletion syndrome, is extremely rare. His doctors in Britain argue that he has no hope of surviving without assistance and that he should be allowed to die in dignity.